Exploring Malta’s Key Export : Potatoes, Seafood, and Beverages

Malta, a small Mediterranean island nation, has long been renowned for its rich cultural history, picturesque landscapes, and vibrant economy. Despite its size, Malta boasts a diverse range of export products that contribute significantly to its economic landscape. Among these, potatoes, seafood (particularly tuna), and beverages like the famous Cisk lager stand out. This article delves into the history, product specifics, key export markets, recent trade fairs where these products were displayed, and the reasons behind the high quality of these Maltese exports.


Malta’s agricultural and fishing traditions date back thousands of years, deeply intertwined with the island’s history. Potatoes, introduced to Malta in the early 19th century, quickly became a staple crop due to the island’s favorable climate and fertile soil. Over time, Maltese farmers honed their cultivation techniques, making Maltese potatoes a sought-after product in Europe.

Fishing has also been a crucial part of Maltese life for centuries. The strategic location of Malta in the Mediterranean Sea made it a prime spot for fishing, particularly for tuna. The development of aquaculture in the latter half of the 20th century marked a significant shift, allowing Malta to become a leading exporter of farmed tuna.

Cisk lager, Malta’s iconic beer, has a history that dates back to 1928. Brewed by Simonds Farsons Cisk, this beverage quickly became synonymous with Maltese culture and hospitality. Over the decades, Cisk lager has expanded its reach beyond the local market, gaining international acclaim.

Product Information

Potatoes: Maltese potatoes are known for their excellent taste and high quality, largely due to the island’s ideal growing conditions. The mild winters and long sunny periods, coupled with fertile limestone soil, produce potatoes that are firm, flavorful, and rich in nutrients. Malta’s primary potato variety, the “Maltese New Potato,” is especially prized for its tender texture and sweet taste.

Freshly harvested local Maltese potatoes, highlighting their rich texture and quality grown in Malta's fertile limestone soil.
Local Potatoes

Seafood (Tuna): Malta’s tuna, particularly the Bluefin variety, is among the most prized in the world. The country’s aquaculture industry has perfected the art of breeding and harvesting tuna, ensuring sustainable practices and premium quality. Maltese tuna is known for its rich, buttery flavor and is a preferred choice in high-end sushi and sashimi dishes globally.

Fresh Maltese tuna displayed on ice, emphasizing its premium quality, rich flavor, and sustainable fishing practices in Malta's Mediterranean waters.
Local Tuna

Cisk Lager: This golden lager is a blend of the finest malt and hops, creating a refreshing and balanced flavour profile. Cisk’s brewing process adheres to traditional methods while incorporating modern technology to maintain consistent quality. The result is a crisp, smooth beer that has won numerous international awards.

Chilled Cisk Lager in a glass, showcasing Malta's iconic beer with its golden hue and refreshing taste, brewed by Simonds Farsons Cisk.
Cisk Lager

Key Countries of Export

Malta exports its premium products to several key markets around the world.

  • Potatoes: The United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and Germany are the primary importers of Maltese potatoes. These countries appreciate the high quality and unique taste of the Maltese New Potato, often featured in gourmet dishes and high-end restaurants.
  • Tuna: Japan, Italy, and Spain are major destinations for Maltese tuna. Japan, in particular, is a significant market due to its demand for high-quality tuna for sushi and sashimi. Italian and Spanish markets also value Maltese tuna for its superior taste and texture, essential for their culinary traditions.
  • Cisk Lager: Cisk lager has a growing presence in European countries, including the United Kingdom, Italy, and Germany. It has also made inroads into markets in Australia and the United States, where it is enjoyed by both Maltese expatriates and beer enthusiasts seeking new and distinct flavors.

Recent Trade Fairs

Malta’s export products have recently been showcased at various international trade fairs, enhancing their visibility and reputation globally.

Potatoes: Maltese potatoes were prominently featured at the Fruit Logistica fair in Berlin, one of the leading trade shows for the global fresh produce business. This event provided Maltese farmers with the opportunity to present their high-quality potatoes to a broader European audience, fostering new business relationships and expanding their market reach.

Tuna: Maltese tuna made a significant impact at the China International Import Expo (CIIE) in Shanghai. The CIIE is one of the largest import-themed expos in the world, attracting buyers and exhibitors from around the globe. The exhibition of Maltese tuna at CIIE not only highlighted its superior quality but also strengthened trade ties between Malta and China, opening new avenues for export.

Cisk Lager: Cisk lager was showcased at the SIAL Paris, a premier food innovation exhibition. This platform allowed Simonds Farsons Cisk to introduce their flagship lager to a wider international audience, receiving positive feedback and sparking interest among distributors and retailers in new markets.

Why the Quality is High

Several factors contribute to the high quality of Malta’s key export products:

  1. Climate and Soil: Malta’s Mediterranean climate and fertile limestone soil create ideal growing conditions for potatoes, resulting in a superior product that is both flavorful and nutritious.
  2. Sustainable Practices: The Maltese fishing and aquaculture industries are committed to sustainable practices, ensuring the long-term health of marine ecosystems and the consistent quality of seafood products.
  3. Traditional Methods and Modern Technology: The combination of traditional brewing methods with modern technology allows Cisk lager to maintain its authentic taste while meeting international quality standards.
  4. Stringent Quality Control: Across all sectors, Maltese producers implement rigorous quality control measures, from farm to table, ensuring that only the best products reach the international market.

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